Kiowa Conservation District
PO BOX 688/ 7519 E. Hwy 86, Franktown, CO

303-621-2070 ext. 101

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Austrian Pine
Pinus nigra           

Wildlife Value

Pines are nearly as important as oaks.  All parts of the tree are used or eaten.  Pine seeds are especially important for food.  Bark harbors insects that woodpeckers, sapsuckers, and nuthatches eat.  Introduced from Europe.

Growth form pyramidal
Crown density open
Size to 40' high
to 30' spread
Drought
resistance
excellent
Cold hardiness fair
Growth rate slow
Life span long
Elevation
range
to 7,000 feet
Soil
conditions
tolerates alkaline well; grows well on most soils
Possible insect
problems
pine tip moth
Possible disease 
problems
fairly resistant
Wildlife value high: song and ground birds, food value from seeds
Seasonal color evergreen
Miscellany forms a good screen; good windbreak species